IEEE STYLE: Reference and Citation Format

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The Institute of Electric and Electronics Engineers or IEEE is a well-known style used mostly by specialists in the field of innovation and technology. IEEE style is a reference-based style that makes use of quotation numbers in square braces in publication text. The IEEE citation format is beneficial for specialists in engineering, telecommunications, computer science, and information technology. You must recognize all sources of information, such as quotes or borrowed ideas in your report to build the credibility of your work. The IEEE style citation allows the readers to determine the source of information quickly. The punctuation, dates and page numbers are based on the reference used and should be followed carefully. The best and quickest way is to use the online citation generator that aids the researcher to generate the citation and reference. Citation generators offer ease of use to researchers and quality in their content.

Main Component of IEEE Citation Style

The IEEE Style is a number style that has two main components: 

In-text citations (citation numbers in square braces) and a reference list at the end of the message (which supplies full details of all recommendations pointed out in-text).

 Within the Text Citation

 Following policies should be born in mind while using in-text citation

  • The proper reference is suggested in the text of the essay by a number surrounded in square braces, such as [1] or [30]
  • Each cited text corresponds to a number referrals containing magazine details concerning the resource cited in the index at the end of the publication, essay, or assignment.
  • The in-text citation numbers begin at [1] and also proceed in rising order throughout the job unless you’re referring to a source you have already mentioned in your text, in which case you can make use of the previously appointed number
  • The recommendation number, including square brackets such as [5], need to show up in a straight line prior to any type of punctuation marks. e.g., Referrals can be priced estimate using the expression “in [1] …” rather than “in reference [1] …”
  • When writers are named, they should be addressed as Richard [8] has shown that or Michael [7], Bellamy [5] have stated, or Roggers [5] stated that it…
  • When mentioning more than three writers, include the et al. (which indicates “and also others”) after the first writer in the work. In the in-text citations, the word et al. is not italicized. However, for approximately six writers, listing every one of the authors in the reference list– only utilize et al. if the names aren’t mentioned. The use of et al. in the reference list if there are greater than six authors, as an example:

 [12] Joseph F. Steelman et al., Republican Event Politics, and North Carolina: Wiley, 1902.

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 IEEE Citation Style Reference List or Bibliography

 A reference list containing all the numbers need to be given at the end of the paper. All resources pointed out in the text are entirely listed in detail in the reference list. Beginning with [1] and continuing in raising mathematical sequence, from the lowest number to the highest, reference list entries must show up in the order in which the sources are mentioned in the body of the short article. The components in the reference list are not in alphabetical order by author or title of sources. The reference list should only include the references, with no commentary or introductory phrases such as “For example, see.” If necessary, such analysis should be included in the text or a footnote on the same page as the citation

Paraphrasing in IEEE

When you’re paraphrasing, which is communicating an idea or fact found in the source with different words, a reference citing the source must be provided. The citation should be placed directly after the reference. This is not always in the middle in the phrase, except if that is in the context of the reference:

Contrary to the data partitioning structure [13], spaces partitioning models show superior performance when dealing with active memory-resident information [18] – [19]

Page numbers are usually not provided for paraphrases. Still, they may be included alongside the citation numbers in the text of the paper in case you’re referring back to some specific idea or theory in the source or on the list of references. This helps the reader find the precise information you’re referring to. 


Professionals and students in technical fields are under pressure to present typical documents, which are impressive. Teachers generally demand IEEE format citations to submit thesis, assignments and other research papers because of its ease for the reader. In order to format your work correctly, it is essential to know all the details about the process, which can be extremely difficult. Researchomatic’s software will aid you to get your work completed in a breeze. Additionally, you can impress readers by incorporating an excellent reference. Citing is a formal means for recognizing the source you’ve utilized for your research.

Referencing is a crucial aspect of university writing and academic integrity. Using other’s work, data, or ideas without due referencing will put you at risk of severe academic misconduct—plagiarism.

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